Publication Ethics & Malpractice

Updated January 10, 2021

BNJ is a supporter of the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, issued by the International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) code of conduct for editors. Our guidelines should be read in conjunction with this broader guidance. The ICJME requirements can be found at http://www.icmje.org/ and the COPE's guidelines at http://publicationethics.org.

The work to be described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association for experiments involving humans (Declaration of Helsinki) and research on health databases (Declaration of Taipei) https://www.wma.net/what-we-do/medical-ethics/

 

ROLES OF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

The Editor-in-chief sets the content’s tone and editorial direction while also maintaining internal policies for all publications. She acts as a quality control manager by making sure that every issue consistently follows established measures. She has budgeting, strategic planning and PR duties. Editor-in-Chief and Managing Editor (in conjunction with the publisher and/or society) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published paper. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. 

 

ROLES OF MANAGING EDITOR

The managing editor is the front-line supervisor who oversees the day-to-day operations of Belitung Nursing Journal. He normally reports to the editor-in-chief. The Managing Editor guides the development, policies, standards and editorial scope of Belitung Nursing Journal. The Managing Editor oversees the entire review, editing and publishing process. In the editorial process, the Managing Editor assigns Editorial Board Member(s) to see through submission review and submission editing. The Managing Editor keeps an eye on the submission's progress and assists with any difficulties. Once review is completed, the Managing Editor typically sees the submission through the Editing process (including copyediting, layout editing, and proofreading). The Managing Editor also creates the journal issues, schedules submission for publication, arranges the Table of Contents, and publishes the issue as part of the publishing process. The Managing Editor can restore archived submissions to the active In Review or In Editing lists.

Another portion of the managing editor’s job involves hiring, training and supervising assistant editors, editorial board members, and reviewers (Please note that the editorial board members are appointed out based on the contract, their availability, and performance. If their contract is expired or they are not available, e.g., to review articles based on the contract, their name will be removed). It is similar with the reviewers, if there is no response from reviewers when we contact them, their name will be removed. The lists of editorial board members or reviewers are continuously updated every six months or per issue.

The Managing Editor, with Editor-in-Chief, are responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published. The Managing Editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also be considered.

 

ROLES OF INTERNATIONAL EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

The roles of International editorial advisory board are providing an advisory body for the Editor-in-Chief in issues related to strategic direction for BNJ, contributing editorials articles, suggesting theme(s) for special issue(s) of BNJ, consolidating the journal’s international reputation, encouraging the submission of high-quality manuscripts for BNJ by personally contacting authors and assisting with outreach, and identifying reviewers to become part of BNJ's reviewer database. The international editorial advisory board has no review and editorial decision role.

 

ROLES OF EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS

The Editorial Board Members are primarily responsible for assessing manuscripts, selecting suitable reviewers who meet the journal’s requirements and recommending (initial) decisions on the basis of the peer reviewers’ reports and their own assessment while adhering to the journal’s editorial policies. The Associate Editor also has a role in contributing editorial articles.

 

RESPONSIBILITIES OF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF, MANAGING EDITOR, INTERNATIONAL EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD, AND EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS

Confidentiality

Editor-in-Chief, Managing Editor, International Editorial Advisory Board, and Editorial Board Members must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Editor-in-Chief, Managing Editor, International Editorial Advisory Board, and Editorial Board Members will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the authors’ explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the papers; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.

Editor-in-Chief, Managing Editor, International Editorial Advisory Board, and Editorial Board Members act as ambassadors for the journal and assist the in-house editorial team in an advisory capacity as and when required.

 

REVIEWERS' RESPONSIBILITIES

Confidentiality

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Contribution to editorial decisions

The peer-reviewing process assists the editors in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.

Promptness

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate.

Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that is an observation, derivation or argument that has been reported in previous publications should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also notify the editors of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

 

AUTHORS' DUTIES

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.

Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Hence, authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and unacceptable. The publication of some kinds of articles (such as clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided that certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.

Authorship of the manuscript

Only persons who meet these authorship criteria should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content: (i) made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study; and (ii) drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (such as technical help, writing and editing assistance, general support) but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but should be acknowledged in the "Acknowledgements" section after their written permission to be named as been obtained. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate coauthors are included in the author list and verify that all coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.

In addition, BNJ reviews the authorship according to the author’s declaration in the Title Page; thus, it is the authors responsibility to send the final order of the complete author names. Requests in the change of authorship (e.g. removal/addition of the authors, change in the order etc.) after submission are subject to editorial approval. Editorial Board will investigate this kind of cases and act following COPE flowcharts.

Change of authorship requests should be submitted to the Editorial Office with an official letter stating the reasons of the change. The letter must be signed by all authors and include their approval on the change in authorship. 

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect. Authors should also include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants. The privacy rights of human participants must always be observed.

Peer review

Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding promptly to editors’ requests for raw data, clarifications, and proof of ethics approval, patient consents and copyright permissions. In the case of a first decision of "revisions required", authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, point by point, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline given.

 

DUTIES OF THE PUBLISHER

Handling of unethical publishing behavior

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or, in the most severe case, the retraction of the affected work.  The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.

Access to journal content

The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining our own digital archive.

 

ROLES OF JOURNAL MANAGER 

The Journal Manager is responsible for all production-related matters and ensures articles are typeset, corrected, and published in a timely fashion, as well as provides you with support throughout the production process. The Journal Manager also enrolls the Editors, Editorial Board Members, Copyeditors, Layout Editors, Proofreaders, Authors, and Reviewers. He also has access to the journal's other management features, and can create new sections for the journal, set up review forms, edit the default emails, manage the reading tools, view statistics and reports.  

 

ROLES OF TECHNICAL MANAGER

The Technical Manager is responsible for setting up the journal web site, configuring the system options, and managing the user accounts. This does not involve any advanced technical skills, but entails filling out web-based forms and uploading files.