Guideline for Mixed Methods Studies

Updated 20 August 2019


Articles submitted to the Belitung Nursing Journal should not exceed 7000 words for the main text, including abstract, tables and references.


Write a structured abstract, including 5 headings: Background, Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion.

Abstract is not more than 350 words and add key words (3-5 words). Wording should be concise and present only the essential elements. 'Telegraphic' statements without verbs are acceptable. Abbreviations are not allowed.


Main text:

This is your main text with no authors' detail. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end of the manuscript.



  • Clearly identify the research problem, rationale, context, international relevance of topic
  • Provide the gap to show the significant of your study
  • Present the scientific, conceptual or theoretical framework that guided the study, identifying and providing an overview of the conceptual model and/or theory where appropriate. 
  • Explain connections between study variables and support those connections with relevant theoretical and empirical literature.
  • Explain the connections between the scientific hypothesis, conceptual model or theory and the study variables. 
  • Aim(s): State the aims of the study as a narrative study purpose or as research questions or hypotheses to be tested at the end of introduction. For example, ‘The aim of the study was to…’



Study design

Identify the specific mixed method research design used, i.e., primarily qualitative with a quantitative component, or primarily quantitative with a qualitative component. Also identify the specific quantitative and qualitative approaches.

In line with the guidance supplied above, for both the quantitative and qualitative components of the study supply details of:


Data collection

Explain the procedure of data collection for both qualitative and quantitative. Describe when and where the data were collected in each step, and describe who collect the data. 

Data analysis

Additionally, explain the procedures and statistical analyses that will synthesise the findings of the Quant and Qual components of the study.

Validity and reliability/ Trustworthiness

Provide types of and estimates for trustworthiness of qualitative data, including types of dependability and credibility used, and the psychometric properties of quantitative instruments. If tools were developed for this study, describe the processes employed, including validity and reliability testing.

Ethical considerations



  • Start with a description of actual sample. For example, ‘The study participants ranged in age from X to Y years…’.
  • Present results explicitly in relation to study aim(s).
  • For the qualitative data, identify the themes or categories and provide data to support each theme or category, such as quotations from participants.
  • For the quantitative data, present results explicitly for research question or hypothesis. Indicate whether each hypothesis was supported or declined.
  • Component findings may either be presented separately or in combination.
  • Use subheadings as appropriate.



  • Discussion must be in relation to the conceptual or theoretical framework and existing literature. Do previous research findings match or differ from yours?
  • Draw conclusions about what new knowledge has emerged from the study. For example, this new knowledge could contribute to new conceptualisations or question existing ones; it could lead to the development of tentative/substantive theories (or even hypotheses), it could advance/question existing theories or provide methodological insights, or it could provide data that could lead to improvements in practice. Be explicit about the contribution of the combined / synthesized findings, and of this particular approach.
  • End with study limitations including but not confined to sample representativeness and/or sample size, transferability of the qualitative findings, and generalizability/external validity of quantitative results.
  • Identify implications/recommendations for practice/research/education/management as appropriate, and consistent with the limitations.



  • Provide real conclusions, not just a summary/repetition of the findings.



Use APA (American Psychological Association) 6th Edition with doi number format for citation and references.