EFFECT OF CONSUMING RED DRAGON FRUIT (HYLOCEREUS COSTARICENSIS) JUICE ON THE LEVELS OF HEMOGLOBIN AND ERYTHROCYTE AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN
PDF

Keywords

dragon fruit
anemia
hemoglobin
erythrocyte level

How to Cite

Widyaningsih, A., Setiyani, O., Umaroh, U., Sofro, M. A. U., & Amri, F. (2017). EFFECT OF CONSUMING RED DRAGON FRUIT (HYLOCEREUS COSTARICENSIS) JUICE ON THE LEVELS OF HEMOGLOBIN AND ERYTHROCYTE AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(3), 255-264. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.97

Abstract

Background: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia during pregnancy. Red dragon fruit is assumed having much iron to increase hemoglobin and erythrocyte level.

Objective: This study aims to examine the effect of dragon fruit juice on levels of hemoglobin and erythrocytes. 

Methods: This was a quasi-experimental research with non-equivalent control group design. There were 34 respondents recruited in this study using consecutive sampling. The samples were divided into intervention group (17 respondents) and control group (17 respondents). Data were analyzed using independent t-test and paired t-test.

Results: There was a statistically significant effect of red dragon fruit juice Hb level on the 7th day of intervention with p-value 0.037 (<0.05), but there was no significant effect on hemoglobin level in the 14th day of intervention with p-value 0.140 (>0.05). This study also revealed that there was a statistically significant effect of red dragon fruit juice on pregnant women's erythrocyte level on the 7th day with p-value 0.025 (<0.05), but there was no significant effect on the erythrocyte level in the 14th day of intervention with p-value 0.094 (> 0.05).  

Conclusion: There was a statistically significant effect of red dragon fruit juice on hemoglobin and erythrocyte levels. This study provides the insight of knowledge that the red dragon fruit juice can be an alternative treatment to deal with anemia among pregnant women.

https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.97
PDF

References

Agarwal KN, Gupta V, Agarwal S. Effect of maternal iron status on placenta, fetus and newborn. International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 2013;5(9):391-395.

World Health Organization. Fact sheet: Maternal mortality. 2016; http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/. Accessed 25 March, 2017.

Wiradnyani LAA, Khusun H, Achadi EL. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan ibu mengonsumsi tablet besi-folat selama kehamilan [Factors associated with mothers' adherence in consuming iron-folate tablets during pregnancy]. Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan. 2013;8(1):63.

Alemu T, Umeta M. Reproductive and obstetric factors are key predictors of maternal anemia during pregnancy in Ethiopia: Evidence from demographic and health survey (2011). Anemia. 2015;2015.

Cunningham F, Leveno K, Bloom S, Spong CY, Dashe J. Williams Obstetrics. (24th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill; 2014.

Amirudin R. Studi kasus control anemia ibu hamil [Case study of anemia control in pregnant mothers]. Jurnal Medika Unhas. 2007.

Bagoes IM. Demografi Umum [General Demography]. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar; 2003.

Syafiq A, Setiarini A, Utari DM, Achadi EL, Fatmah K. Gizi dan kesehatan masyarakat [Nutrition and public health]. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada; 2012.

Risnawati I, Psn AH. Dampak anemia kehamilan terhadap perdarahan postpartum [Impact of preganancy anemia on postpartum bleeding]. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kebidanan. 2015;6(3).

Department of Health of East Java. Buku saku kesehatan tahun 2013 [Handbook of health in 2013]. Semarang: Department of Health of East Java; 2014.

Department of Health. Health profile in Semarang. 2014; http://dinkes.semarangkota.go.id/. Accessed 25 October, 2016.

Public Health Center of Leyangan. Health profile of Public Health Center of Leyangan. Semarang: Puskesmas Leyangan; 2014.

Allen LH. Anemia and iron deficiency: effects on pregnancy outcome. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2000;71(5):1280s-1284s.

Yuliarti N. Sehat, cantik, bugar dengan herbal dan obat tradisional [Healthy, beauty, and fresh with herbs and traditional medicine]. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi; 2008.

Hardjadinata S. Budidaya buah naga super red secara organik [Organic cultivation of super red dragon fruit]. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya; 2010.

Ide P. Health Secret of dragon fruit: Menguak keajaiban si kaktus eksotis dalam penyembuhan penyakit [Reveals the magic of the exotic cactus in healing diseases]. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo; 2009.

Arifin H, Welli W, Elisma E. Pengaruh pemberian jus buah naga hylocereus undatus (haw.) britt & rose terhadap jumlah hemoglobin, eritrosit dan hematokrit pada mencit putih betina [Effect of giving hylocereus undatus (haw.) britt & rose juice on the number of hemoglobin, erytrocyte, and hemotocrit in female white mice]. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Farmasi. 2012;17(1).

Almatsier S, Soetardjo S, Soekatri M. Gizi seimbang dalam daur kehidupan [Balance nutrition in lyfe cyrcle]. Jakarta: Gramedia pustaka utama; 2011.

Hunter JP. Health benefits: From foods and spices: Washington DC: Library of Congress; 2014.

Copyright (c) 2017 Ari Widyaningsih, Onny Setiyani, Umaroh, Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro, Faisal Amri
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Article Metrics

Abstract views: 3245 | PDF views: 1257

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.