SCHOOL HEALTH PROMOTION: A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON CLEAN AND HEALTHY LIVING BEHAVIOR AMONG ELEMENTARY STUDENTS IN JAYAPURA, PAPUA, INDONESIA

Ellen Rosawita Veronica Purba, Lely Lusmilasari, Janatin Hastuti


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.781

Abstract


Background: The Indonesian government has launched a clean and healthy living behavior program as one of the efforts for school health promotion. However, the healthy behaviors of the elementary students remain low.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of audiovisual-based education on the knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy behavior in elementary students.

Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest comparison group design conducted from 1 October to 17 October 2018. A total sample of 272 students was selected using purposive sampling, with 136 assigned in an experimental group (audiovisual group) and a comparison group (poster only group). Knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy living behavior were measured using validated questionnaires. Data were analyzed using a paired t-test and independent t-test.

Results: There was a significant effect of the interventions given in the experimental and comparison group on knowledge and attitude of clean and healthy living behavior (p<0.05). However, the experimental group showed a higher mean score compared to the comparison group in knowledge and attitudes, which indicated that the use of audiovisual-based education was more effective than the use of poster alone in improving the knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy living behavior.

Conclusion: The students who received audiovisual-based education had higher knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy living behavior than those who only received poster-based education. This study provides input for pediatric and community nurses to provide better health education for the community, specifically for school health promotion.


Keywords


health education; health behavior; knowledge; attitudes; students; Indonesia; nursing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albert, N. M., Buchsbaum, R., & Li, J. (2007). Randomized study of the effect of video education on heart failure healthcare utilization, symptoms, and self-care behaviors. Patient Education and Counseling, 69(1), 129-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2007.08.007

Amaya-Castellanos, C., Shamah-Levy, T., Escalante-Izeta, E., del Carmen Morales-Ruan, M., Jiménez-Aguilar, A., Salazar-Coronel, A., . . . Amaya-Castellanos, A. (2015). Development of an educational intervention to promote healthy eating and physical activity in Mexican school-age children. Evaluation and Program Planning, 52, 159-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2015.05.002

Bieri, F. A., Gray, D. J., Williams, G. M., Raso, G., Li, Y.-S., Yuan, L., . . . Li, S.-M. (2013). Health-education package to prevent worm infections in Chinese schoolchildren. New England Journal of Medicine, 368(17), 1603-1612. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1204885

Bruguésa, J., Arandaa, N., Giralta, M., Chicaa, M., Solaa, R., Arijaa, V., . . . Romeua, M. (2016). Impact of a service learning (SL) experience on the improvement of knowledge in healthy eating habits in teenagers. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 228, 202-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.030

Budiman, R. A. (2013). Kapita selekta kuesioner: Pengetahuan dan sikap dalam penelitian kesehatan [Capita selekta questionnaire: Knowledge and attitudes in health research]. Jakarta, Indonesia: Salemba Medika.

Danari, A. L., Mayulu, N., & Onibala, F. (2013). Hubungan aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak SD di Kota Manado [Relationship of physical activity and obesity in elementary school children in Manado City]. Jurnal Keperawatan, 1(1), 1-4.

Efendi, F., & Makhfudli. (2009). Keperawatan kesehatan komunitas: Teori dan praktik dalam keperawatan [Community health nursing: Theory and practice in nursing]. Jakarta, Indonesia: Salemba Medika.

Jayapura City Central Statistics Agency. (2013). PHBS at schools. Retrieved from https://jayapurakota.bps.go.id/

Koem, Z. A. R. (2015). Relationship of knowledge and attitude of PHBS in students at Inpres Sukur Elementary School, Airmadidi District, Minahasa Utara Regency. Pharmacon, 4(4), 290-294. https://doi.org/10.35799/pha.4.2015.10219

Lina, H. P. (2016). Perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat (PHBS) siswa di SDN 42 Korong Gadang Kecamatan Kuranji Padang [Clean and healthy life behavior at students of Elementary School of 42 Korong Gadang Kecamatan Kuranji Padang]. Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education, 4(1), 92-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jpk.V4.I1.2016.92-103

Listyowati, D. (2012). Pengaruh intervensi promosi kesehatan terhadap pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktek cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa kelas 5 di SDN Pengasinan IV Kota Bekasi tahun 2012 [Effect of health promotion intervention on knowledge, attitude, and hand washing practice with soap among pupils of 5-class at SDN Pengasinan IV Kota Bekasi year 2012]. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.

Maimun, D. N., & Erawan, P. E. (2017). Pengaruh Kesmas Cilik dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat murid kelas V Sekolah Dasar Negeri 12 Poasia Kota Kendari tahun 2016 [The influence of Kesmas Cilik in improving the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of clean and healthy life for fifth grade students at 12 Poasia Elementary School, Kendari City in 2016]. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kesehatan Masyarakat, 2(5), 1-9.

Maulana, H. D. (2009). Health promotion. Jakarta, Indonesia: EGC.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (2011). Guidelines for the promotion of clean and healthy behavior. Jakarta, Indonesia: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (2013). Basic health research (RISKESDAS). Retrieved from https://www.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/general/Hasil%20Riskesdas%202013.pdf

Nazliansyah, N., Wichaikull, S., & Wetasin, K. (2016). Factors affecting hand washing practice among elementary schools students in Indonesia. Belitung Nursing Journal, 2(4), 58-64. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.24

Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Teori promosi kesehatan dan aplikasinya [Health promotion theory and its applications] (revised ed.). Jakarta, Indonesia: Rineka Cipta.

Oktaviana, N. I. I. (2017). Pengaruh edukasi sosiodrama tentang PHBS cuci tangan terhadap tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap cuci tangan siswa SD Muhammadiyah Kalangan [Effect of sociodrama education about PHBS on knowledge and attitude of handwashing among students at Muhammadiyah Kalangan Elemntary School]. Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Proverawati, A., & Rahmawati, E. (2016). Perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat [Clean and healthy life behavior] (2nd ed.). Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Nuha Medika.

Siagian, A., Jumirah, J., & Tampubolon, F. (2010). Media visual poster dan leaflet makanan sehat serta perilaku konsumsi makanan jajanan siswa sekolah lanjutan atas, di Kabupaten Mandailing Natal [Visual media posters, healthy food leaflets, and students' snack food consumption behavior at senior high school students at Mandailing Natal Regency]. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 4(6), 262-268.

Suiraoka, I. P., & Supariasa, I. D. N. (2012). Media pendidikan kesehatan [Health education media]. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Graha Ilmu.

Sunaryo, S. R. A., Saifullah, A. D., & Mulyani, S. (2020). Knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia among nursing students in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Belitung Nursing Journal. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.1178

Troseth, G. L., & Strouse, G. A. (2017). Designing and using digital books for learning: The informative case of young children and video. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, 12, 3-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcci.2016.12.002

Tuyen, L. T. T. (2018). Toward an understanding of nursing knowledge development. Belitung Nursing Journal, 4(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.402

van der Meij, H., & Van Der Meij, J. (2014). A comparison of paper-based and video tutorials for software learning. Computers & Education, 78, 150-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2014.06.003

Vio, F., Salinas, J., Montenegro, E., González, C. G., & Lera, L. (2014). Impact of a nutrition education intervention in teachers, preschool and basic school-age children in Valparaiso Region in Chile. Nutrición hospitalaria, 29(6), 1298-1304. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2014.29.6.7409

World health Organization. (n.d.). Health promoting schools. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/health-topics/health-promoting-schools#tab=tab_1

Yulianti, W. (2015). Clean and healthy life behavior (PHBS) of elementary children at SDN Jabon 1 Mojoanyar Mojokerto. (Mini Thesis), Stikes-Poltekkes Majapahit Mojokerto, Indonesia. Retrieved from http://103.38.103.27/repository/index.php/PUB-KEP/article/view/514


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Ellen Rosawita Veronica Purba, Lely Lusmilasari, Janatin Hastuti

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/