BONDING AND ATTACHMENT EXPERIENCE AMONG POSTNATAL MOTHERS WITH SPONTANEOUS CHILDBIRTH

Fauziah H Wada, Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Elsi Dwi Hapsari


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.779

Abstract


Background: Bonding is an emotional bond between a mother and a baby that develops gradually and immediately after birth until it is formed into an attachment. Bonding is considered important to ensure the baby’s protection. However, bonding remains challenging for mothers with spontaneous childbirth because they are most likely to focus on themselves.

Objective: To explore the bonding and attachment experience among postpartum mothers with spontaneous childbirth.

Methods: This was a qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. Data were collected from nine participants using semi-structured interviews and observations. Data were analyzed using Colaizzi’s analysis method.

Results: Five themes emerged, namely 1) feeling relieved and happy with the birth of the baby, 2) bonding and attachments are important, 3) stimulating the baby’s sense, 4) the need of social supports in bonding and attachment, and 5) internal and external factors of bonding and attachment.

Conclusion: Bonding and attachment are very important that should be done by the mothers to the baby. However, it takes time and needs the supports from the husbands, parents, relatives, and health workers. Therefore, nurses or midwives should pay attention to this process to create the better bonding and attachment between the mothers and the babies.


Keywords


female; infant; mothers; midwifery; postpartum period; social support; attention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alhusen, J. L., Gross, D., Hayat, M. J., Woods, A. B., & Sharps, P. W. (2012). The influence of maternal-fetal attachment and health practices on neonatal outcomes in low-income, urban women. Research in Nursing & Health, 35(2), 112-120. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.21464

Ardiel, E. L., & Rankin, C. H. (2010). The importance of touch in development. Paediatrics & Child Health, 15(3), 153-156. https://doi.org/10.1093/pch/15.3.153

Bogossian, F. E. (2007). Social support: proposing a conceptual model for application to midwifery practice. Women and Birth, 20(4), 169-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2007.08.003

Fancourt, D., & Perkins, R. (2018). The effects of mother–infant singing on emotional closeness, affect, anxiety, and stress hormones. Music & Science, 1, 2059204317745746. https://doi.org/10.1177/2059204317745746

Filippa, M., Kuhn, P., & Westrup, B. (2017). Early vocal contact and preterm infant brain development. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

Girsang, B. M. (2016). Pengaruh rawat gabung terhadap bounding attachment pada ibu dan bayi [The effect of joint nursing care on the bounding attachment in mothers and infants]. Jurnal Keperawatan Sriwijaya, 3(1), 19-29.

Haryono, R., & Setianingsih, S. (2014). Manfaat ASI eksklusif untuk buah hati [The benefits of exclusive breastfeeding for the baby]. Yogyakarta: Gosyen Publishing.

Javadifar, N., Majlesi, F., Nikbakht, A., Nedjat, S., & Montazeri, A. (2016). Journey to motherhood in the first year after child birth. Journal of Family & Reproductive Health, 10(3), 146-153.

Johnson, K. (2013). Maternal-infant bonding: A review of literature. International Journal of Childbirth Education, 28(3), 17-22.

Jones, L. (2002). Basics of obstetrics and gynecology Jakarta: Hippocratic.

Kearvell, H., & Grant, J. (2010). Getting connected: How nurses can support mother/infant attachment in the neonatal intensive care unit. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, The, 27(3), 75-82.

Marmi. (2017). Asuhan kebidanan pada masa antenatal [Midwifery care during puerperium]. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Mulyani, S., Erindra, B. C., & Soetrisno. (2016). Dukungan petugas kesehatan dengan model pendampingan terhadap pemberian asi eksklusif [Support of health workers with a mentoring model for exclusive breastfeeding]. Jurnal Placentum, 4(2).

Nilsson, L., Thorsell, T., Hertfelt Wahn, E., & Ekström, A. (2013). Factors influencing positive birth experiences of first-time mothers. Nursing Research and Practice, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/349124

Nonnenmacher, N., Noe, D., Ehrenthal, J. C., & Reck, C. (2016). Postpartum bonding: The impact of maternal depression and adult attachment style. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 19(5), 927-935. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-016-0648-y

Nugroho, T. (2014). Buku ajar asuhan kebidanan nifas 3 [A teaching book of midwifery care and postpartum]. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Obeidat, H. M., Bond, E. A., & Callister, L. C. (2009). The parental experience of having an infant in the newborn intensive care unit. The Journal of Perinatal Education, 18(3), 23-29. https://doi.org/10.1624/105812409x461199

Persico, G., Antolini, L., Vergani, P., Costantini, W., Nardi, M. T., & Bellotti, L. (2017). Maternal singing of lullabies during pregnancy and after birth: Effects on mother–infant bonding and on newborns’ behaviour. Concurrent Cohort Study. Women and Birth, 30(4), e214-e220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2017.01.007

Speziale, H. S., Streubert, H. J., & Carpenter, D. R. (2011). Qualitative research in nursing: Advancing the humanistic imperative (5th ed.): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Story, W. T., Burgard, S. A., Lori, J. R., Taleb, F., Ali, N. A., & Hoque, D. E. (2012). Husbands' involvement in delivery care utilization in rural Bangladesh: A qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 12(1), 28. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-12-28

Suherni, Widyasih, H., & Rahmawati, A. (2009). Perawatan masa nifas [Postpartum care] (4th ed.). Yogyakarta: Fitramaya.

Sulistyawati, A. (2009). Buku ajar: Asuhan kebidanan pada ibu nifas [Teaching book: Midwifery care for postpartum mothers]. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

Sulistyawati, A., & Nugraheny, E. (2010). Asuhan kebidanan pada ibu bersalin [Midwifery care for maternity]. Jakarta: Salemba.

Utami. (2008). Creative games sharpening logical-mathematical intelligence. Bandung: PT karya Kita.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Fauziah H Wada, Elsi Dwi Hapsari, Yayi Suryo Prabandari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.