Wiwik Mudihayati, Syarif Thaufik Hidayat, Nur Khafidhoh, Ari Suwondo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.360


Background: The first stage of labor is a tiring moment for mothers, which may cause exhaustion, dehydration, risk of infection, uterine atony, and postpartum hemorrhage. Hypnobirthing is considered effective to speed up early labor process.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effect of hypnobirthing on the progress of the latent phase of labor.

Methods: This study was a quasi-experiment with posttest only control group design. Thirty-two primigravida mothers in the latent phase of labor were selected using purposive sampling, with 16 assigned in the experiment group and the control group. The progress of labor was measured by four indicators recorded in partograph, namely frequency and duration of uterine contraction, cervical dilatation, and descent of the fetal head. Independent t-test was used for data analysis.

Results: There was a significant difference in the frequency of uterine contraction (p=0.001), duration of contraction (p=0.001), cervical dilatation (p=0.007), and descent of the fetal head (p=0.001) between the experiment group and the control group.

Conclusion: Hypnobirthing technique is significant in accelerating the progress of the latent phase of labor in primigravida mothers.


hypnobirthing; latent phase; labor; primigravida

Full Text:



Aprillia, Y. (2010). Hipnostetri. Jakarta, Indonesia: GagasMedia.

Astuti, I., & Noviyanti, N. (2016). Pengaruh hypnobirthing terhadap tingkat nyeri dan kemajuan persalinan pada ibu bersalin di BPM Kota Cimahi [Effect of hypnobirthing on pain and pregnancy status in pregnant mothers at BPM Kota Cimahi]. The Southeast Asian Journal of Midwifery, 1(1), 43-47.

Farrer, H. (1990). Maternity care (2nd ed.). New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Karo, H. Y. K., Pramono, N., Wahyuni, S., Mashoedi, I. D., & Latifah, L. (2017). Lavender (lavandula angustifolia) aromatherapy as an alternative treatment in reducing pain in primiparous mothers in the active first stage of labor. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(4), 420-425.

Khomsah, Y. S. b., Suwandono, A., & Ariyanti, I. (2017). The effect of acupressure and effleurage on pain relief in the active phase of the first stage of labor in the Community Health Center Of Kawunganten, Cilacap, Indonesia. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(5), 508-514.

Kuswandi, L. (2014). Gentle hypnobirthing a gentle way to give birth. West Java, Indonesia: Puspa Swara.

Madden, K., Middleton, P., Cyna, A. M., Matthewson, M., & Jones, L. (2012). Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 11.

MOH. (2014). Health profile of Indonesia 2014. Jakarta: Ministry of Health of Indonesia.

Mongan, M. (2016). HypnoBirthing: the breakthrough approach to safer, easier, comfortable birthing. London: Souvenir Press Ltd.

Sumapraja, S. (2002). Normal delivery. Jakarta: FK-UI.

Varney, H., Kriebs, J. M., & Gegor, C. L. (2007). Buku ajar asuhan kebidanan [Teaching book of midwifery care]. Jakarta: EGC.

Wahyuni, I., Pramono, N., Suherni, T., & Widyawati, M. N. (2017). Effect of pregnancy exercise on duration of the first and second stage of labor in primigravida mothers during the third trimester of pregnancy. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(6), 765-770.

World Health Organization. (2014). Trends in maternal mortality: 1990-2010. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

Yulidaningsih, E. (2006). Pengaruh teknik relaksasi progresif terhadap kemajuan persalinan pada ibu inpartu primigravida kala 1 fase aktif di RB/BKIA Aisyiyah Bandung Tulungagung [Effect of progressive relaxation technique on pregnancy status in primigravida mothers at active phase I at RB/BKIA Aisyiyah Bandung Tulungagung]. Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Wiwik Muhidayati, Syarif Thaufik Hidayat, Nur Khafidhoh, Ari Suwondo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.