practical skills
pit fissure sealant

How to Cite

Haryani, W., Christiyawati, M. D., Kusmiyati, Y., & Waryana, W. (2016). UTILIZATION OF MULTIMEDIA TO IMPROVE PIT FISSURE SEALANT PRACTICAL SKILL AMONG STUDENTS IN DENTAL NURSING, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA. Belitung Nursing Journal, 2(5), 93-98. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.31


Background: With an increasing demand of high quality of health services, challenges are addressed to all health providers to improve their skills in providing services to clients. Given that preventive dentistry clinical practice has not been satisfying, providing media as students’ guidelines is necessary.

Objective: The study aims to explain the influence of multimedia use in order to improve Pit Fissure Sealant (PFS) practical skills of dental nursing students.

Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and post-test control group design. Population of the study was selected from dental nursing students in Yogyakarta. A hundred sample was drawn purposively from the population and distributed equally to two groups. The first group was exposed by PFS practice video whilst the second group as control was exposed only by the guidebook.

Results: Initially, students in the control group have better PFS practical score compared to their counterpart in the treatment group. Nevertheless, after the exposure of different media, students in the treatment group demonstrated a better post-test score on their PFS practical skills. The statistical analysis certifies that there was a significant difference in the mean score of PFS practical skills of the students before and after the treatment.

Conclusion: Video as a new media is able to improve the students’ motivation in learning than any traditional media such as books. It should be noted however, both printed media (guidebooks) and video only provides one-way communication. Therefore, designing an interactive media using video, which the user can be the sender, not only the receiver, can be considered for further research. 



Harsono. Student-centered learning di perguruan tinggi Jurnal Pendidikan. KPKI. 2008;3(1):4-8.

Harden JC, MH Davis, M. Friedman, RM. AMEE Guide No. 14: Outcome-based education: Part 5-From competency to meta-competency: a model for the specification of learning outcomes. Medical Teacher. 1999;21(6):546-552.

Multimedia, DVD Ensiclopedia: Encarta Premium;2006.

Riyana C. Pedoman pengembangan media video. Jakarta: P3AI UPI; 2007.

Utomo APY. Pengembangan buku panduan menulis laporan dengan pendekatan kontekstual bagi siswa kelas VIII SMP [Development of a guidebook for writing reports with a contextual approach for students]. Universitas Negeri Semarang: Skripsi; 2008.

Putri MH, Herijulianti E, Nurjannah N. Ilmu pencegahan penyakit jaringan keras dan jaringan pendukung gigi [Science of prevention of hard tissue and dental support tissue]. Jakarta: EGC; 2010.

Babiker M, Elmagzoub A. For Effective use of multimedia in education, teachers must develop their own educational multimedia applications. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET. 2015;14(4):62-68.

Malik S, Agarwal A. Use of multimedia as a new educational technology tool-A study. International Journal of Information and Education Technology. 2012;2(5):468.

Priyanto D. Pengembangan multimedia pembelajaran berbasis komputer [Development of computer based learning multimedia]. Insania. 2009;14(1):92-110.

Bhushan B, Sethi V. Use of multimedia in higher education: learners’ and teachers’ perspective. International Journal. 2012;2(9).

Wicks RH. Understanding audiences: Learning to use the media constructively. Philadelphia: Routledge; 2000.

Sadik A. Students’ preferences for types of video lectures: Lecture capture vs. screencasting recordings. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education. 2015;30(2).

Kozma RB. Learning with media. Review of Educational Research. 1991;61(2):179-211.

Yogi ND. Penggunaan media pembelajaran video tutorial untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa teknik gambar bangunan SMKN 1 Seyegan pada mata pelajaran menggambar dengan autocad [The use of video learning media tutorials to improve student learning outcomes of building drawing techniques SMKN 1 Seyegan in the autocad learning subject]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta; 2015.

Widyastari DA, Shaluhiyah Z, Widjanarko B. The influence of internet exposure on adolescents’ sexual attitudes: A study among secondary school students in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Institute for Population and Social Research (IPSR). Thailand: Mahidol University; 2009.

Widyastari DA, Shaluhiyah Z, Widjanarko B. Adolescents in peril: Internet and other factors influencing adolescents' sexual attitudes. Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi. 2010;1(1):1-13.

Margetts B, Margetts B, Nelson M. Basic issues in designing and interpreting epidemiological research. Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology. 1991:13-52.

Shanahan J, Morgan M. Television and its viewers: Cultivation theory and research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1999.

Copyright (c) 2016 Wiworo Haryani, Maria Dewi Christiyawati, Yuni Kusmiyati, Waryana
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 434 | PDF views: 150


Download data is not yet available.