Background: Applying a cooling treatment from outside the body is one way to lower fever in children. Midwives commonly perform a warm water compress in their care, but it is considered less effective. Thus, compress with Aloe Vera Barbadensis Miller is proposed in this study as an alternative treatment.
Objective: To examine the effect of Aloe Vera Barbadensis Miller compress in reducing body temperature in children with fever.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and posttest with control group design. Forty children were recruited, with twenty of them assigned in each group. Purposive sampling was performed to select the sample. A digital rectal thermometer was used to measure the temperature. Independent t- test and paired test were used for data analysis.
Results: Findings showed that the Aloe Vera compress group showed a higher decrease of body temperature compared to the warm water compress group. The difference of body temperature after 20 minutes in the experiment group was 1.435 while in the control group was only 1.085. There were statistically significant differences in body temperature between the experiment and control group (p=0.013).
Conclusion: Aloe Vera Barbadensis Miller compress is an effective alternative therapy in reducing body temperature in children with fever. It is recommended for midwives to apply this intervention to reduce body temperature significantly.
Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier; 2007.
Lubis IND, Lubis CP. Penanganan demam pada anak [Handling fever in children]. Sari Pediatri. 2016;12(6):409-418.
Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BMD. Nelson textbook of pediatrics e-book: Philadelphia: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2007.
Kasniyah N. Pengambilan keputusan dalam pemilihan sistem pengobatan, khususnya penanggulangan penyakit anak balita pada masyarakat pedesaan Jawa [Decision making in the selection of treatment systems, especially the prevention of childhood diseases in rural Javanese communities]. Jakarta: Tesis Program Studi Antropologi Kesehatan Universitas Indonesia; 2013.
Dalal S, Zhukovsky DS. Pathophysiology and management of fever. Journal of Supportive Oncology. 2006;4(1):9-16.
Sherwood L. Human physiology: from cells to systems. Boston: Cengage learning; 2015.
Soedibyo S, Souvriyanti E. Gambaran persepsi orang tua tentang penggunaan antipiretik sebagai obat demam [Description of perception of parent in the use of antipyretic as fever drug]. Sari Pediatri. 2016;8(2): 142-146.
Depkes. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 1464 tentang izin dan penyelanggaran praktik bidan [Regulation of Ministry of Health of Indonesia Nomor 1464 concerning permission and implementation of midwifery practice]. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2010.
Depkes. Manajemen terpadu balita sakit (Integrated management of infant illness). Jakarta: Department of Health of the Republic of Indonesia; 2009.
Zubaidi J. Analgesic, Antipyretic, Antireumatic dan gout drugs. In: Sulistia G, Bambang S, Udin S, et al., eds. Pharmacology and therapy. Jakarta: Pharmacology Department Facult of Medicine Universitas Indonesia; 1980. p. 166-168.
Fisher GM. Investigation of the potential antibacterial properties of Aloe vera gel. Virginia: Sweet Briar College; 1991.
Mukarromah R, Mukarromah I. Pemanfaatan kompres ekstrak lidah buayapada pasien phlebitis untuk mengurangi biaya perawatandi rumah sakit. Prosiding Semnas Competitive Advantage. 2011;1(1).
Surjushe A, Vasani R, Saple DG. Aloe vera: A short review. Indian Journal of Dermatology. 2008;53(4):163.
Rajasekaran S, Sivagnanam K, Subramanian S. Antioxidant effect of Aloe vera gel extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats. Pharmacological Report. 2005;57(1):90-96.
Depkes. Health profile of Department of Health in Blora. Central Java: Department of Health of Blora;2015.
Scala KD, Vega-Gálvez A, Ah-Hen K, et al. Chemical and physical properties of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) gel stored after high hydrostatic pressure processing. Food Science and Technology (Campinas). 2013;33(1):52-59.
McVicar J. Jekka's complete herb book. London: Kyle Cathie Limited; 1994.
Jain S, Rathod N, Nagi R, et al. Antibacterial Effect of Aloe Vera Gel against Oral Pathogens: An In-vitro Study. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR. 2016;10(11):ZC41.
Susanti N. Efektifitas kompres dingin dan hangat pada penatalaksanaan demam [Effect of cold and hot compress in the treatment of fever]. Sainstis. 2012;1(1): 55-64
Saper CB, Breder CD. The neurologic basis of fever. New England Journal of Medicine. 1994;330(26):1880-1886.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.