Willingness of university nursing students to volunteer during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brunei Darussalam

Amal Atiqah Hamizah Hj Abdul Aziz, Khadizah H. Abdul-Mumin, Hanif Abdul Rahman


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.1518

Abstract


Background: Volunteering among nursing students has become a valuable resource during an outbreak to help alleviate the strain in nursing staff shortages. However, evidence of willingness to volunteer is scarce, particularly in Asian countries.

Objective: To study Bruneian university nursing students’ willingness to volunteer during a pandemic in Brunei. 

Methods: An online cross-sectional study was conducted at Universiti Brunei Darussalam from January to February 2021. A self-administered questionnaire was used to measure willingness factors, including motivational factors, barriers, enablers, and level of agreement to volunteer during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sub-group inferential analysis was applied. 

Results: 72 participants were included in this study. 75.0% of whom were willing to volunteer during the COVID-19 pandemic. Factors that influenced the willingness of nursing students to volunteer were marital status (<0.001), year of study (<0.001), altruism (<0.001), personal safety (<0.001), and knowledge level (<0.001). 

Conclusion: Nursing students are an invaluable resource, and they are highly willing to be part of disaster management. Training and planning should prepare the nursing students for disaster or pandemic readiness and integrated them into the undergraduate nursing curriculum. Align with this, safety aspects of nursing students during volunteering should also be considered, including the provision of childcare assistance, sufficient personal protective equipment, vaccination, and prophylaxis to the volunteers.


Keywords


COVID-19; willingness; nursing; students; volunteerism; online survey; nursing; Brunei Darussalam

Full Text:

PDF

References


AlSaif, H. I., AlDhayan, A. Z., Alosaimi, M. M., Alanazi, A. Z., Alamri, M. N., Alshehri, B. A., & Alosaimi, S. M. (2020). Willingness and self-perceived competence of final-year medical students to work as part of the healthcare workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of General Medicine, 13, 653-661. https://dx.doi.org/10.2147%2FIJGM.S272316

Astorp, M. S., Sørensen, G. V. B., Rasmussen, S., Emmersen, J., Erbs, A. W., & Andersen, S. (2020). Support for mobilising medical students to join the COVID-19 pandemic emergency healthcare workforce: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. BMJ Open, 10(9), e039082. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039082

Blackwood, K. (2017). Factors that affect nursing students’ willingness to respond to disasters or public health emergencies. (Dissertation), Bachelor of Arts/Communication Arts Public Relations, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL. Retrieved from https://shareok.org/bitstream/handle/11244/299566/Blackwood_okstate_0664D_15281.pdf?isAllowed=y&sequence=1

Cervera-Gasch, Á., González-Chordá, V. M., & Mena-Tudela, D. (2020). COVID-19: Are Spanish medicine and nursing students prepared? Nurse Education Today, 92, 104473. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.nedt.2020.104473

Dyson, S. E., Liu, L., van den Akker, O., & O'Driscoll, M. (2017). The extent, variability, and attitudes towards volunteering among undergraduate nursing students: Implications for pedagogy in nurse education. Nurse Education in Practice, 23, 15-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2017.01.004

Gómez-Ibáñez, R., Watson, C., Leyva-Moral, J. M., Aguayo-González, M., & Granel, N. (2020). Final-year nursing students called to work: Experiences of a rushed labour insertion during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nurse Education in Practice, 49, 102920. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2020.102920

Gouda, P., Kirk, A., Sweeney, A.-M., & O’Donovan, D. (2020). Attitudes of medical students toward volunteering in emergency situations. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 14(3), 308-311. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.81

Hayter, M., & Jackson, D. (2020). Pre‐registration undergraduate nurses and the COVID‐19 pandemic: Students or workers? Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(17-18), 3115-3116. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15317

Huapaya, J. A., Maquera-Afaray, J., García, P. J., Cárcamo, C., & Cieza, J. A. (2015). Knowledge, practices and attitudes toward volunteer work in an influenza pandemic: Cross-sectional study with Peruvian medical students. Medwave, 15(4), e6136-e6136. https://doi.org/10.5867/medwave.2015.04.6136

Iserson, K. V. (2020). Augmenting the disaster healthcare workforce. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21(3), 490-496. https://dx.doi.org/10.5811%2Fwestjem.2020.4.47553

Lazarus, G., Mangkuliguna, G., & Findyartini, A. (2020). Medical students in Indonesia: An invaluable living gemstone during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Korean Journal of Medical Education, 32(3), 237-241. https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2020.165

Martin-Delgado, L., Goni-Fuste, B., Alfonso-Arias, C., De Juan, M. A., Wennberg, L., Rodríguez, E., . . . Martin-Ferreres, M. L. (2021). Nursing students on the frontline: Impact and personal and professional gains of joining the health care workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. Journal of Professional Nursing, 37(3), 588-597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2021.02.008

McNeill, C., Alfred, D., Nash, T., Chilton, J., & Swanson, M. S. (2020). Characterization of nurses’ duty to care and willingness to report. Nursing Ethics, 27(2), 348-359. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969733019846645

Mortelmans, L. J. M., Bouman, S. J. M., Gaakeer, M. I., Dieltiens, G., Anseeuw, K., & Sabbe, M. B. (2015). Dutch senior medical students and disaster medicine: A national survey. International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 8(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12245-015-0077-0

Natan, M. B., Zilberstein, S., & Alaev, D. (2015). Willingness of future nursing workforce to report for duty during an avian influenza pandemic. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 29(4), 266-275. https://doi.org/10.1891/1541-6577.29.4.266

O'Byrne, L., Gavin, B., & McNicholas, F. (2020). Medical students and COVID-19: The need for pandemic preparedness. Journal of Medical Ethics, 46(9), 623-626. https://doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2020-106353

Patel, J., Robbins, T., Randeva, H., de Boer, R., Sankar, S., Brake, S., & Patel, K. (2020). Rising to the challenge: Qualitative assessment of medical student perceptions responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical Medicine, 20(6), e244-e247. https://dx.doi.org/10.7861%2Fclinmed.2020-0219

Pogoy, J. M., & Cutamora, J. C. (2021). Lived experiences of Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW) nurses working in COVID-19 intensive care units. Belitung Nursing Journal, 7(3), 186-194. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.1427

Quisao, E. Z. S., Tayaba, R. R. R., & Soriano, G. P. (2021). Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 among student nurses in Manila, Philippines: A cross-sectional study. Belitung Nursing Journal, 7(3), 203-209. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.1405

Rasmussen, S., Sperling, P., Poulsen, M. S., Emmersen, J., & Andersen, S. (2020). Medical students for health-care staff shortages during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet, 395(10234), e79-e80. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30923-5

Swift, A., Banks, L., Baleswaran, A., Cooke, N., Little, C., McGrath, L., . . . Tomlinson, A. (2020). COVID‐19 and student nurses: A view from England. Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111%2Fjocn.15298

World Health Organization. (2020). Cumulative number of confirmed human cases for avian influenza A(H5N1) reported to WHO, 2003-2020. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/cumulative-number-of-confirmed-human-cases-for-avian-influenza-a(h5n1)-reported-to-who-2003-2020

World Health Organization. (2021). WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19 ) dashboard. Retrieved from Retrieved from https://covid19.who.int/

Yonge, O., Rosychuk, R. J., Bailey, T. M., Lake, R., & Marrie, T. J. (2010). Willingness of university nursing students to volunteer during a pandemic. Public Health Nursing, 27(2), 174-180. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.2010.00839.x

Yu, N.-Z., Li, Z.-J., Chong, Y.-M., Xu, Y., Fan, J.-P., Yang, Y., . . . Zhang, M.-Z. (2020). Chinese medical students’ interest in COVID-19 pandemic. World Journal of Virology, 9(3), 38-46. https://dx.doi.org/10.5501%2Fwjv.v9.i3.38


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Amal Atiqah Hamizah Hj Abdul Aziz, Khadizah H. Abdul-Mumin, Hanif Abdul Rahman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.