Selly Desiani, Aan Nuraeni, Ayu Prawesti Priambodo



Background: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is the emergency first aid in cardiac arrest. CPR delivery is influenced by knowledge and self-efficacy. Internship students can be the first responder of cardiac arrest in hospital and expected on having knowledge and high self-efficacy of CPR early. But there is no data on self-efficacy of internship students in performing CPR.

Objective: The purpose of this research was to identify knowledge and self-efficacy of internship students in performing CPR.

Methods: The method in this research was descriptive quantitative with cross-sectional approach on 76 internship students selected by simple random sampling. Knowledge questionnaire and Resuscitation Self-Efficacy Scale instrument were used in this research, with validity score 0.56-0.84 (α=0.91). Data were analysed by distribution frequency.

Results: The results showed that 49 respondents (64.5%) had moderate knowledge and 73 respondents (96.1%) had high self-efficacy. The lowest domain in knowledge was conceptual knowledge, while in self-efficacy were reporting, debriefing and recording.

Conclusions: Therefore, it becomes important to increase information on the conceptual knowledge and enhances training on the self-efficacy domain: reporting; debriefing and recording.


Cardiac Arrest, CPR, Internship Nursing Students, Knowledge, Self-efficacy

Full Text:



Davey P. Medicine at a Glance: John Wiley & Sons; 2015.

Lenjani B, Baftiu N, Pallaska K, et al. Cardiac arrest–cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Journal of Acute Disease. 2014;3(1):31-35.

Partiprajak S, Thongpo P. Retention of basic life support knowledge, self-efficacy and chest compression performance in Thai undergraduate nursing students. Nurse education in practice. 2016;16(1):235-241.

Ro YS, Do Shin S, Song KJ, Hong SO, Kim YT, Cho S-I. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation training experience and self-efficacy of age and gender group: a nationwide community survey. The American journal of emergency medicine. 2016;34(8):1331-1337.

Ro YS, Do Shin S, Song KJ, et al. Public awareness and self-efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in communities and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A multi-level analysis. Resuscitation. 2016;102:17-24.

Srinivas HT, Kotekar N, Rao SR. A survey of basic life support awareness among final year undergraduate medical, dental, and nursing students. International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences. 2014;3(2):91.

Turner NM, Lukkassen I, Bakker N, Draaisma J, ten Cate OTJ. The effect of the APLS-course on self-efficacy and its relationship to behavioural decisions in paediatric resuscitation. Resuscitation. 2009;80(8):913-918.

Hamasu S, Morimoto T, Kuramoto N, et al. Effects of BLS training on factors associated with attitude toward CPR in college students. Resuscitation. 2009;80(3):359-364.

Shahsavarinia K, Tagizadieh A, Pouraghaei M, et al. Assessment of Attitude and Knowledge of Personnel in the Intensive Care Unit of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Hospitals Toward Organ Donation. Paper presented at: Transplantation proceedings2016.

Dayapoğlu N, Tan M. Clinical nurses' knowledge and attitudes toward patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior. 2016;61:206-209.

Ornato JP. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Essential Cardiology: Springer; 2005:521-530.

Maibach EW, Schieber RA, Carroll MFB. Self-efficacy in pediatric resuscitation: implications for education and performance. Pediatrics. 1996;97(1):94-99.

Gusnia SS, Saragih N. Hubungan Karekteristik Perawat pada Program Preceptorshipterhadap Proses Adaptasi Perawat Baru. Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran. 2013;1(1).

Roh YS, Issenberg SB, Chung HS, Kim SS. Development and psychometric evaluation of the Resuscitation Self-efficacy Scale for nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. 2012;42(7):1079-1086.

Alegría GA, Díaz AV, Laveriano DMQ, et al. Factores asociados al nivel de conocimiento en reanimación cardiopulmonar en hospitales del Perú. Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología. 2017;45(2):114-121.

Fischer KW, Yan Z, Stewart J. Adult cognitive development: Dynamics in the developmental web. Handbook of developmental psychology. 2003:491-516.

Krathwohl DR. A revision of Bloom's taxonomy: An overview. Theory into practice. 2002;41(4):212-218.

Han K-J, Kim HS, Kim M-J, et al. Thinking in clinical nursing practice: a study of critical care nurses' thinking applying the think-aloud, protocol analysis method. Asian nursing research. 2007;1(1):68-82.

Passali C, Pantazopoulos I, Dontas I, et al. Evaluation of nurses’ and doctors’ knowledge of basic & advanced life support resuscitation guidelines. Nurse education in practice. 2011;11(6):365-369.

Bandura A. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological review. 1977;84(2):191.

Alavi A, Bahrami M, Zargham-Boroujeni A, Yousefy A. Pediatric nurses’ perception of factors associated with caring self-efficacy: A qualitative content analysis. Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research. 2015;20(2):232.

Akhu-Zaheya LM, Gharaibeh MK, Alostaz ZM. Effectiveness of simulation on knowledge acquisition, knowledge retention, and self-efficacy of nursing students in Jordan. Clinical Simulation in Nursing. 2013;9(9):e335-e342.

Chronister C, Brown D. Comparison of simulation debriefing methods. Clinical Simulation in Nursing. 2012;8(7):e281-e288.

Waloyo E. Hubungan Pengetahuan Resusitasi Jantung Paru dengan Self-Efficacy Perawat di RSUD Wonogiri, Stikes Kusuma Husada; 2016.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Belitung Nursing Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.