Cut Husna, Hajjul Kamil, Mustanir Yahya, Teuku Tahlil



Introduction: Indonesia has the highest risk and vulnerability to both natural and non-natural disasters in the world. Aceh Province located on the confluence of two earth fault plates has been discovered to be exposed to a higher risk leading to significant physical, emotional, and psychological problems. Therefore, there is a need for immediate disaster response efforts to reduce the impacts, and nurses are the largest care providers with adequate competencies to ensure effectiveness.

Objective: The study aims to develop a study protocol to measure the effectiveness of the intervention program to improve nurses’ competencies in disaster response.

Methods: A sequential exploratory mixed-method study design will be used. A qualitative phase is to explore nurses’ competencies in disaster response according to nurses, disaster survivors, hospitalized patients, members of the Ulama Consultative Assembly of Aceh, and hospital policymakers using FGDs and in-depth interviews. The result of this phase is to develop intervention and instruments. Data are analyzed using a content analysis. A quantitative phase is to examine the effectiveness of the initiated intervention programs on nurses’ competencies in disaster response with a randomized controlled trial study design. There will be three groups in this phase, namely Evidence-Based Intervention (EBI) group, Islamic-Based Intervention (IBI) group, and Control Group (CG). The nurses’ competencies related knowledge, skill, and attitude will be measured using valid and reliable instruments. Data will be analyzed using independent t-test, and a repeated measure one way ANOVA. 

Discussion: The findings are expected to be the basis for the development of appropriate tools and better intervention in nursing practice and education in relation to evidence and Islamic-based disaster curriculum as well as a guide for future research.

Trial registration: on process with request number ANZCTR 378930


nurse; competencies; disaster; response; Islamic; mixed-methods

Full Text:



Al Thobaity, A., Plummer, V., & Williams, B. (2017). What are the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing? A scoping review. International Emergency Nursing, 31, 64-71.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. (2019). Data informasi bencana Indonesia [Indonesian disaster information data]. Retrieved from Jakarta:

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana Aceh. (2015). Kajian risiko bencana Aceh 2016 - 2020 [Risk assessment of disaster in Aceh 2016 - 2020]. Retrieved from Jakarta:

Baghdady, A. (2005). Tsunami tanda kekuasaan Allah [Tsunami is a sign of God's power]. Jakarta: Cakrawala Publishing.

Bisson, J., & Tavakoly, B. (2008). The TENTS guidelines for psychological care following disaster and major incidents. Wales, United Kingdom: Cardiff University.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Dewan Syariah Nasional Majelis Ulama Indonesia (DSN- MUI), & Majelis Upaya Kesehatan Seluruh Indonesia (MUKISI). (2017). Standar dan instrument serifikasi rumah sakit syariah [Standard and instrument certification of syariah hospital] (1st ed.). Jakarta: Dewan Syariah Nasional Majelis Ulama Indonesia.

Djalil, M. A. (2017). Grand design pelaksanaan syariat Islam di Aceh (2017-2022) [Grand Design of the implementation of Islamic sharia in Aceh (2017-2022)] Serambinews. Retrieved from

Ford, J. D., Steinberg, K. L., & Zhang, W. (2011). A randomized clinical trial comparing affect regulation and social problem-solving psychotherapies for mothers with victimization-related PTSD. Behavior Therapy, 42(4), 560-578.

Graneheim, U. H., & Lundman, B. (2004). Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Education Today, 24(2), 105-112.

Halstead, J. A. (2017). Professional nursing organizations. In G. R. J. A. Halstead (Ed.), Issues and trends in nursing: Practice, Policy, and Leadership. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett.

Hughes, B. P., DeGregory, C., Elk, R., Graham, D., Hall, E. J., & Ressallat, J. (2017). Spiritual care and nursing: A nurse’s contribution and practice. New York: HealthCare Chaplaincy Network.

Husna, C., Hatthakit, U., & Chaowalit, A. (2011). Do knowledge and clinical experience have specific roles in perceived clinical skills for tsunami care among nurses in Banda Aceh, Indonesia? Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 14(2), 95-102.

International Council of Nurses, & World Health Organization. (2009). ICN framework of disaster nursing competencies (1st ed.). Geneva, Switzerland: International Council of Nurses

Jannah, S., Suttarungsee, W., & Nukaew, O. (2016). The effect of Islamic-Based Insight Enhancement Program (IBIEP) on medication adherence of persons with schizophrenia: A pilot study. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 36(2), 14-29.

Park, H.-Y., & Kim, J.-S. (2017). Factors influencing disaster nursing core competencies of emergency nurses. Applied Nursing Research, 37, 1-5.

Polit, D., & Beck, C. (2014). Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2010). Nursing research: Generating and assesing evidence for nursing practice (8th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Polit, D. F., & Hungler, B. P. (1991). Nursing research principles and methods. London: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Presiden Republik Indonesia. (2006). Undang Undang No. 11 Tahun 2006 tentang Pemerintah Aceh [(Law No. 11 of 2006 concerning the Government of Aceh]. Retrieved from

Presiden Republik Indonesia. (2007). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 24 Tahun 2007 tentang penanggulangan bencana [Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 24 of 2007 concerning disaster management]. Retrieved from

Sangkala, M. S., & Gerdtz, M. F. (2018). Disaster preparedness and learning needs among community health nurse coordinators in South Sulawesi Indonesia. Australasian Emergency Care, 21(1), 23-30.

Siswadi, A., & Prima, E. (2018). 23 Gempa merusak Indonesia sepanjang 2018 [23 Earthquakes ruined indonesia throughout 2018]. Retrieved from

Warsini, S., Usher, K., Buettner, P., Mills, J., & West, C. (2015). Psychosocial and environmental distress resulting from a volcanic eruption: Study protocol. Collegian, 22(3), 325-331.

Yi, P., George, S. K., Paul, J. A., & Lin, L. (2010). Hospital capacity planning for disaster emergency management. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 44(3), 151-160.

Zarea, K., Beiranvand, S., Sheini-Jaberi, P., & Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, A. (2014). Disaster nursing in Iran: Challenges and opportunities. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 17(4), 190-196.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Cut Husna, Hajjul Kamil, Mustanir Yahya, Teuku Tahlil

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.