EFFECTIVENESS OF LAVENDER AROMATHERAPY AND CLASSICAL MUSIC THERAPY IN LOWERING BLOOD PRESSURE IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH HYPERTENSION

Sri Maisi, Suryono Suryono, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, Ari Suwondo, Suryati Kusworowulan


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.301

Abstract


Background: Hypertension during pregnancy remains high in Indonesia. It is a major cause of maternal death. Aromatherapy lavender and classical music therapy are considered effective in lowering blood pressure in hypertension.

Objective: To examine the effect of lavender aromatherapy and classical music therapy in lowering blood pressure in pregnant women with hypertension.

Methods: A quasy experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. There were 52 pregnant women with the inclusion criteria selected as samples using simple random sampling, divided into lavender aromatherapy group, classical music group, combination of aromatherapy and music group, and control group. Sphygmomanometer was used to measure blood pressure. Mann Whitney and Post Hoc test were used for data analysis.

Results: Results showed that four groups have a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure after given intervention with p-value <0.05. The mean decrease of systolic blood pressure among four groups was: lavender group (5.77 mmHg), music group (7.23 mmHg), combination group (9.54 mmHg), and control group (3.67 mmHg); and the mean decrease of diastolic blood pressure was: the lavender group (2.77 mmHg), music group (0.61 mmHg), combination group (8.23 mmHg), and control group (3.42 mmHg).

Conclusion: there was a significant effect of lavender aromatherapy and classical music therapy in lowering blood pressure in pregnant women with hypertension. However, the combination of both interventions was more effective than lavender aromatherapy or music therapy alone.


Keywords


Lavender Aromatherapy, Mozart Classic Music, Blood Pressure, Pregnant Women

Full Text:

PDF

References


Apryanti, Y. P., Suhartono, S., & Ngadiyono, N. (2017). THE IMPACT OF LAVENDER AROMATHERAPY ON PAIN INTENSITY AND BETA-ENDORPHIN LEVELS IN POST-CAESAREAN MOTHERS. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(5), 487-495.

Astuti, A., Suryono, S., Widyawati, M. N., Suwondo, A., & Mardiyono, M. (2017). EFFECT OF AUDIO THERAPY USING AL-QUR'AN MURROTAL ON BEHAVIOR DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(5), 470-477.

Campbell, D. G. (2001). Efek mozart: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Chang, M. Y., Chen, C. H., & Huang, K. F. (2008). Effects of music therapy on psychological health of women during pregnancy. J Clin Nurs, 17(19), 2580-2587.

Chen, X. K., Wen, S. W., Smith, G., Yang, Q., & Walker, M. (2006). General obstetrics: Pregnancy‐induced hypertension is associated with lower infant mortality in preterm singletons. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 113(5), 544-551.

Dinkes. (2014). Health Profile in Semarang. Retrieved 25 October, 2016, from http://dinkes.semarangkota.go.id/

Gouk, P. (2017). Musical healing in cultural contexts: Routledge.

Hwang, J. H. (2006). The effects of the inhalation method using essential oils on blood pressure and stress responses of clients with essential hypertension. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 36(7), 1123-1134.

Karo, H. Y. K., Pramono, N., Wahyuni, S., Mashoedi, I. D., & Latifah, L. (2017). LAVENDER (LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA) AROMATHERAPY AS AN ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT IN REDUCING PAIN IN PRIMIPAROUS MOTHERS IN THE ACTIVE FIRST STAGE OF LABOR. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(4), 420-425.

Merritt, S. (2003). Simfoni otak: 39 aktivitas musik yang merangsang IQ, EQ, SQ, untuk membangkitkan kreativitas & imajinasi: Kaifa.

MOH. (2014). Health profile of Indonesia 2014: Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, Jakarta.

Prawirohardjo, S. (2010). Ilmu Kebidanan Edisi IV Cetakan ke-2: Tridasa Printer. Jakarta.

Sarayar, C., Mulyadi, N., & Palandeng, H. (2013). PENGARUH MUSIK KLASIK TERHADAP PENURUNAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PASIEN PRA-HEMODIALISIS DI RUANG DAHLIA BLU RSUP. PROF. DR. RD KANDOU MANADO. Jurnal keperawatan, 1(1).

Sharma, S. (2009). Aroma Terapi. Tanggerang: Karisma Publishing Group.

Suviani, N. W., Artana, I. W., & Putra, P. W. K. (2014). PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AROMA TERAPI LAVENDER (LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA) TERHADAP PENURUNAN HIPERTENSI PADA LANSIA DI DESA CEMAGI, KECAMATAN MENGWI, KABUPATEN BADUNG. Jurnal Dunia Kesehatan Volume 3 No 1 Juni 2014, 3(1).

WHO, & partners, U. (2015). Country statistics and global health estimates. from http://www.who.int/gho/countries/idn.pdf?ua=1

Yusuf, N., Hadisaputro, S., Runjati, R., Suwondo, A., Mashoedi, I. D., & Supriyana, S. (2017). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMBINATION OF KANGAROO MOTHER CARE METHOD AND LULLABY MUSIC THERAPY ON VITAL SIGN CHANGE IN INFANTS WITH LOW BIRTH WEIGHT. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(4), 352-359.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Belitung Nursing Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.